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The Survivors

Survivors Face an Uphill Battle After Freedom

Have you ever wondered why some survivors of pathological abuse continue to experience the lingering effects of trauma long after breaking free from their abuser? The answer lies in the invisible wall of the Trauma Maze created by narcissistic, sociopathic, and psychopathic abusers. Even after the Trauma Bond is broken, survivors may still be trapped within the maze, struggling to overcome the emotional manipulation inflicted upon them.


Complex Manipulation

Narcissistic, sociopathic, and psychopathic abuse can inflict devastating emotional manipulation, leaving long-lasting scars on the victim's psyche. Overcoming the trauma and becoming a survivor can be an uphill journey for victims of pathological abuse.

The Consequences 

The consequences of pathological abuse are extensive and can last long. Survivors may suffer from psychological and emotional symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Physical and emotional health, relationships, and work performance may also be affected.

Struggles of Survivors

Survivors may struggle with self-doubt, low self-esteem, and feelings of worthlessness, leading to a loss of identity and difficulty trusting others. The physical symptoms of abuse can be diverse, including fatigue, insomnia, gastrointestinal problems, neurological or cognitive issues, and chronic pain. Survivors may experience long-term neurological trauma, such as memory loss or difficulty concentrating, significantly affecting their quality of life.


Survivors' challenges of narcissistic, sociopathic, and psychopathic abuse are multifaceted and complex. One of the biggest barriers to recovery is getting the right help. Many narcissistic and psychopathic abuse survivors struggle to access the right support because they misinterpret their abuse as "normal" domestic abuse. However, pathological abuse is very different from other forms of abuse and requires a unique approach to healing.

Further Abuse 

When pathological abuse is misinterpreted as "normal" domestic abuse, survivors may be at risk of further victimization. This is because the specialized support and care required to recover from the trauma of narcissistic and psychopathic abuse may not be offered, leaving survivors without the necessary resources to heal.


Consequently, survivors may not recognize the warning signs of future abuse or be able to establish healthy boundaries and protect themselves from future victimization. This is why increasing awareness and understanding of the unique dynamics of this type of abuse is crucial in providing survivors with the appropriate care and support to break the cycle of abuse.

Shame and Blame

Survivors of narcissistic, sociopathic, and psychopathic abuse face shame and blame from others. They may be shamed for "allowing" the abuse, blamed for not leaving the abuser sooner, or constantly asked why they didn't see the red flags. Society needs to provide empathy, support, and understanding to survivors of pathological abuse rather than adding to their burden of shame and blame.

Stalking and Harassment

Stalking and harassment are common experiences for survivors of pathological abuse. Abusers use various means, such as social media, phone calls, and in-person interactions, to track and monitor their victims. They may also probe information from their victim's network, such as accidentally bumping into acquaintances and asking inappropriate questions to gather information about their victim's whereabouts and activities. This behavior can make survivors feel like they are constantly being watched and create a sense of fear and anxiety.

Furthermore, stalkers may develop paranoia and obsession, mistakenly suspecting the survivor of being unfaithful, even though they have already ended contact and desire to terminate the relationship. Survivors who have managed to break free from the abuser may still be victimized through stalking, making it difficult to move on from the abuse fully. 


Psychopaths may resort to stalking as a result of their obsession with the victims as a means to assert their control, domination, and perceived "ownership". They perpetuate their mind games by letting the victim know that they are lurking in the shadows, disappearing and reappearing days, weeks, months, or even years later. As a result, survivors who have escaped the psychopath's clutches will always carry the burden of being a victim to some extent.

The Double Burden

Survivors of pathological abuse face a unique double burden due to the complexity of their situation. Not only were they victims of abuse, but they were also in a close relationship with an abuser with a severe personality disorder. This can be extremely challenging, exhausting, and frightening, leaving survivors feeling isolated and struggling to find support from others who cannot comprehend the complexity of their situation.

Living with a partner who has a narcissistic, sociopathic, or psychopathic personality disorder can create an unstable and unpredictable environment. Survivors may not even realize that their partner has a disorder, and they may feel victimized behind closed doors while having to maintain a façade of normalcy to the outside world, adding to their burden.

The psychological and emotional toll of living with a pathological, abusive partner can be overwhelming and exhausting. Without awareness and understanding of the unique challenges faced by survivors of pathological abuse, they may struggle to make sense of their experiences and continue to suffer negative effects even after the abuse has ended. Loyalty and shame may force them to cover up for their abuser, further adding to their burden.

The Legal System Fails

The legal system often underestimates the abuse experienced by survivors of pathological abuse, making it difficult for them to obtain the protection they need from their abusers. Survivors may be accused of lying or seeking revenge against their former partner after a bad breakup, leaving them vulnerable to further abuse. It is crucial that the legal system recognizes the complexity of pathological abuse and provides survivors with the support and protection they require. Perpetrators of pathological abuse must be held accountable and punished for the harm they have caused to their victims' lives.

Awareness and Understanding 

Increasing awareness of the challenges that survivors of pathological abuse face can help break down the stigma and shame associated with this form of abuse. It can provide validation for survivors and create a safe space where they can share their experiences and find support. Education and understanding can also help survivors recognize signs of abuse and seek help earlier, thus reducing the long-term negative effects on their mental health and well-being.

Image by Anthony Tran

The Aftermath


Fear of Revenge: Survivors may fear not only physical revenge but also subtle revenge that is unknown and unpredictable. The abuser may use subtle threats before the victim leaves the relationship or in failed attempts to lure them back, leading to immense fear and anxiety. For example, the abuser may say things like "this will cost you" or "no one will believe you," which can contribute to the survivor's fear of potential retaliation.

Rebuilding Self-Esteem:  Rebuilding self-esteem can be an enormous obstacle for survivors, as abusers of this nature often work to erode their victim's sense of self-worth. These survivors may need to develop a positive self-image and confidence, learning to assert their needs and desires to foster healthy relationships. The abuser may have convinced them that they were the problem, that they were unlovable, and that they had ruined or given up on the relationship, compounding feelings of worthlessness and guilt.

Developing Healthy Coping Mechanisms: Survivors may have developed unhealthy coping mechanisms to deal with the trauma, such as self-medicating, isolation, depression, and feelings of hopelessness or helplessness (programmed by their abuser). It is important for their recovery to develop healthy coping mechanisms, such as therapy, exercise, and meditation.

Trusting Others:  Survivors of pathological abuse often struggle to trust others. It can be challenging to form healthy relationships, as they may fear being hurt again.

Balancing Conflicting Emotions:  Survivors may feel a mix of love, loyalty, and anger towards their abuser, as well as guilt and shame for not being able to "fix" them or leave the relationship sooner.

Fear of Repeating the Cycle:  Survivors may worry about repeating the same patterns of abuse in their own future relationships, especially if they have been exposed to this behavior for a long period of time with a person they loved and cared for.

Trauma Maze: Survivors of intimate partner abuse often struggle with lingering triggers, even after leaving the abusive relationship, and functioning better daily. These triggers can stay with them for years and cause emotional and psychological distress.

Hijacking of Life: Survivors may experience a sense of having their lives hijacked by the abuse they endured. This can lead to feelings of loss, grief, and anger even after the relationship has ended. They may also have selective memories of the past relationship that resurface years after having no contact with their abuser.

Stigma and Shame: Survivors may feel ashamed to talk about their experiences or seek help, especially as they have often lived a double life. On the one hand, they have tried to hide the abuse and maintain a facade of normalcy to the outside world. On the other hand, they have been working tirelessly to fix their abuser, hoping that they will eventually become a better person. This constant juggling of roles can create a sense of shame and confusion, making it difficult for survivors to seek help or open up about their experiences.

Complex Grief:  Survivors of pathological abuse may feel ashamed to talk about their experiences or seek help because they are grieving the loss of a love they never really had. Pathological abuse is built upon an illusion of love, making it difficult for survivors to reconcile the love that was genuine from their side with the actual illusion and abuse they experienced.

Not Receiving Proper Therapy: Survivors may not receive the right type of therapy or may be mistaken for experiencing "normal" abuse, which can hinder their recovery.

The Legal System Fails: Survivors may struggle to receive sufficient support from the justice system, which can lead to feelings of isolation, hopelessness, and a lack of justice. By not punishing the perpetrator, society minimizes the abuse they have been subjected to.

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